Show a little love to the basics: Part 1

No matter how old I get or what I’m writing I always find myself trying to remember some of the things I learned as a child in school. So, what better than to start things off than with a refresher course. So, I’ve put together a quick cheat-sheet with some easy to understand explanations of common writing and grammar terms and concepts. For your benefit, but probably more so for mine!

Here’s a couple of the sites I used to compile this list:


 

Verb:

A word used to describe an action, occurrence, or state of being.

Words to describe doing something.

Example: Damage, Hang, Hug, Mix.

Adverb:

A word or phrase that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, or other adverb expressing a relation of place, time, circumstance

In a sense, it’s how, when, or where something is occurring

Example: Always, Accidentally, Somewhere, Underground, Eagerly, Loudly, Patiently

Adjective:

A word or phrase naming an attribute added to or grammatically related to a noun to modify or describe it

Descriptive words.

Example: Red, Silly, Broad, Inexpensive, Adorable

Clause:

A unit of grammatical organization. The main clause is a standalone sentence usually consisting of a subject and a predicate. A subordinate clause forms part of and is dependent on a main clause, often introduced by a conjunction.

Part of a sentence that can stand alone as a complete sentence, or is a complete sentence when used in conjunction with the main clause.

Predicate:

The part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject

The part of a sentence that talks about what the subject is doing.

Example: The cat hurried home.

Pronoun:

Words that are used as replacements or substitutes for nouns and have a general reference.

Example: I, You, he, this, she, who, what. Sometimes objective forms: Him, me, Her

Run-on sentences:

The Written sequence of two or more main clauses that are not separated by a period or semicolon or joined by a conjunction.

A sentence with two or more standalone sentences with no full stops and are not joined by conjunctions (see below for conjunctions)

Example: There were two people running down the street passing frightened pedestrians calling the police before walking home to eat dinner with their family who just got home from school where they were failing classes all term long.

Sentence Fragments:

A phrase or clause written as a sentence but lacking an element, such as a subject or verb, that would enable it to function as an independent sentence

A phrase or presumed sentence that cannot stand by itself because it does not contain a complete clause, or subject and predicate.

Example: Walked alone. Instead of: Roland walked alone. Roland without stopping. Instead of: Roland walked alone without stopping. If it’s not “complete” it’s a fragment.

Compound Sentence:

A sentence with more than one subject or predicate

Multiple sentences in one, combined by a semicolon or conjunction.

Example: Thomas walked down the street; he didn’t see the man behind him. Or: Thomas walked down the street, while the man behind him walked silently, but flourished his nightstick through the air.

Conjunction:

A word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause

Words used to combine two or more sentences together, forming compound sentences, or to form words into a clause or complete sentences.

Example: and, but, if, yet, so, nor

Noun:

A word (other than a pronoun) used to identify any of a class of people, places, or things (common noun), or to name a particular one of these (proper noun).

A person place or thing.

Example: Breakfast, Bailey, Plants, Minute, doctor, word, greed, Marge, Howard.


That was just Part 1 of my Basics series. I hope that gave you an easy place to find these things for future reference and if there are any additions, edits, further explanations, or things you’d like posted for easy access, let me know below and I’ll get right on it! See you in the next post in: Show a little love for the basics: Part 2!

 

 

Advertisements

Welcome to Sean K. Novels, a New Journey

Welcome, everyone, to the Sean K. Novels site. For those of you who know me, and some of you who don’t, you know that I recently published my debut novel: The Drive Home: A Tale of Bromance and Horror. With that release, I wanted to have an outlet to explore writing and the process of creating a novel. The title, Sean K. Novels, is a tag I’d used for social media (@seanknovels & facebook.com/seanknovels) and thought I’d continue with it as a  blog identity.

I began writing a blog some time ago TDH-FB-COVERtitled The New Writer’s Journey that I hoped to do something similar with, but lacked the experience or the focus to continue writing under that banner. Which is why I wanted to do something new; a clean slate to really focus on all things writing. Like things that I came across while writing my novel. Things like editing problems, interesting writing concepts or styles, character development ideas, and the creation of a physical novel itself.

With some of the posts I’ll be writing I hope to bring up topics that can give some insight to those looking to follow the same path as myself and countless other authors. There have been so many times during the creation process that I thought, “well, how do you do this?” So, I would Google search for hours trying to find answers. Hopefully, I can keep you from having to binge on Google with regards to certain subjects and keep you writing longer.

There is something you should all know, though. I have no degree or extended study in my fields. Not only will I be using this blog to explore writing and editing concepts, but I’ll be using this to help my writing grow as well. To grow in the scope of this blog, but to also continue growing as I work on my fiction writing and a storyteller. So, let’s walk this path together and grow as writers and creative thinkers.

With that, all I have to say is:

Cheers!

Sean K.